Wild Turkey Hunting Seasons and Regulations

Wild turkey hunting offers an exciting and challenging outdoor experience for hunters across three distinct seasons: Spring, Fall Archery, and Fall Firearms. Each period includes its specific dates, bag limits, and time-frames that must be adhered to.
Overview of Turkey Hunting Seasons
  • Spring Season: Hunters can engage in both archery and firearms turkey hunting during this time. Unlike the fall seasons, the bag limits and season lengths for spring turkey archery and firearms hunting are combined.

    • Spring Season Dates: April 27 - May 28
    • Location: Hunting is permitted on State Land, Private Land, and Land designated to Landowners.
    • Bag Limit: A total of 5 bearded birds, irrespective of whether they are harvested on private, state, or a mix of both land types.
    • Hunting Hours: Legal hunting hours commence from half an hour before sunrise and extend until sunset.
  • Fall Archery and Fall Firearms Seasons: Each of these seasons has distinct bag limits and season time-frames, offering hunters the opportunity to pursue wild turkeys in different hunting contexts with separate regulations.

Tools and Resources for Hunters

The Wild Turkey Hunting Roadmap is an available resource designed for those who are either new or returning to turkey hunting. It provides guidance and essential information to help hunters successfully participate in any of the turkey hunting seasons.
Key Points to Remember
  • Multiple Seasons: Spring, Fall Archery, Fall Firearms, each with unique constraints.
  • Spring Season: Combined bag limits for archery and firearms.
  • Fall Seasons: Separate bag limits and season lengths for archery and firearms.
  • Bag Limit for Spring: Maximum of 5 bearded birds across state and private lands.
Hunters are advised to stay informed of these regulations to ensure a lawful and enjoyable turkey hunting experience.

Spring Wild Turkey Hunting Licensing Requirements

The state has outlined specific licensing requirements for those who wish to engage in wild turkey hunting. These prerequisites vary based on residency status and land ownership.

Resident Licensing

  • Connecticut (CT) Residents must procure either:
    • A Firearms Hunting License, or
    • A Small Game and Deer Archery Permit.
  • Additionally, all residents must have a Resident Game Bird Conservation Stamp.

Non-resident Licensing

  • Non-residents have the option of obtaining:
    • A 3-day Out-of-State Bird Hunting License, or
    • A Non-resident Firearms Hunting License, or
    • A Non-resident Small Game and Deer Archery Permit.
  • Like residents, non-residents also need a Resident Game Bird Conservation Stamp.

Landowners' Licensing

  • Landowners possessing 10 or more contiguous acres qualify for:
    • A Free Landowner Resident Game Bird Conservation Stamp, which allows them to hunt wild turkeys on their own land.
  • Landowners desiring to hunt on other private lands or state lands need to purchase a Resident Game Bird Conservation Stamp for $28.
  • It's important to note that obtaining the Free Landowner Resident Game Bird Conservation Stamp does not grant additional bag limits for turkeys.
To pursue wild turkey hunting legally within the state, meeting the appropriate license and stamp requirements is essential. Hunters should ensure they possess the correct documentation before beginning their hunting season.

Legal Weapons for Spring Turkey Hunting

Specific firearms and archery equipment are sanctioned for use in wild turkey hunting to adhere to safety and wildlife management regulations.

Approved Shotguns and Ammunition

  • Gauge and Shot Size: Legal shotguns are those that are 20 gauge or larger. The approved shot sizes for turkey hunting are #4, 5, 6, 7, and 7-1/2 shot, or any mix thereof.
  • Capacity Limitation: Shotguns must have a capacity that does not exceed three shells.

Legal Bows for Deer and Turkey Hunting

  • Types of Bows: The authorized types of bows include longbows, recurve bows, or compound bows.
  • Minimum Draw Weight: Bows must have a minimum draw weight of 40 pounds.
  • Use of Crossbows: Crossbows are permissible for hunting deer, turkey, and other species.
  • Mechanical Aids: The employment of mechanical string release devices is allowed.
  • Prohibited Projectiles: Projectiles with drugs, poisons, or tranquilizing substances are strictly prohibited.

Crossbow Specifications and Regulations

  • Draw Weight: The minimum draw weight for a legal crossbow is 125 pounds.
  • Stock Requirements: A permanent fixed rifle-type stock with a functional mechanical safety device is mandatory.
  • Stock Adjustability: Adjustable stocks are allowed, but folding stocks are not permitted.
  • Bolt (Arrow) Specifications: The bolt length must be a minimum of 18 inches, not including the broadhead.
  • Loaded Crossbow Definition: A crossbow is considered loaded when it is fully drawn with a bolt in place.
  • Sights: The use of telescopic sights on crossbows is authorized.

Arrowhead Standards for Hunting

  • Blades and Width: Legal arrowheads must feature at least two blades and measure a minimum of 7/8 inch in width at the broadest point.
  • Mechanical Arrowheads: Arrowheads that expand on impact are lawful, providing they meet the width and blade requirements.
Hunters engaged in turkey hunting must ensure that their firearms and archery equipment comply with the legal standards to guarantee a lawful hunting experience. These regulations are in place to foster ethical hunting practices and to manage the turkey population effectively.

Wild Turkey Tagging and Reporting Procedures for the Spring Season

Upon the successful harvest of a wild turkey, hunters are required to follow strict tagging and reporting guidelines to ensure responsible wildlife management.
Immediate Tagging
  • Harvest Tag Completion: As soon as a turkey is harvested, the hunter must fill out and sign a Harvest Tag.
  • Possession: This tag must remain with the turkey carcass at all times.
  • Duration: The Harvest Tag should be kept with the bird until it has been processed for consumption.

Detailed Instructions and Requirements

  • Reference Material: Hunters should refer to the "Tagging and Reporting Requirements" for detailed instructions on how to properly tag and report their turkey harvest.
Following these steps is not only mandatory but aids in the conservation efforts and helps wildlife officials collect vital data on the turkey population. Hunters must be diligent in immediately tagging their harvest and keeping the associated documentation until the turkey has been fully prepared for eating.

Special Conditions for Spring Turkey Hunting

Turkey hunting in the state is subject to several special conditions designed to manage the activity effectively and ensure the safety and rights of hunters, landowners, and the turkey population.
State Land Hunting
  • Area Access: Refer to the CT Interactive Hunting Area Map for a comprehensive list of locations that are open to spring turkey hunting.
  • Required Stamp: A Resident Game Bird Conservation Stamp is necessary to hunt in these areas.

Private Land Hunting

  • Permission Requirement: Hunters must have signed written consent from landowners, using official forms designated for the current season.
  • Documentation: This permission slip must be carried at all times during the hunt.

Use of Decoys

  • Decoy Rules: Decoys are permitted to be used in the hunting of turkeys.
  • Live Decoy Ban: The use of live turkeys as decoys is strictly prohibited.

Junior Turkey Hunter Training Days

  • Training Dates: Scheduled training for junior hunters is from Saturday, April 16, to Saturday, April 23, 2022, with the exclusion of Sunday.

Safety Guidelines for Spring Turkey Season

Hunters are encouraged to follow the safety recommendations provided for spring turkey hunting to ensure a secure hunting experience.
Adherence to these special conditions is crucial for legal and ethical turkey hunting. Respect for property rights, safety practices, and wildlife regulations contributes to a successful and sustainable hunting tradition.

Fall Archery Turkey Season Details

During fall, archery enthusiasts are given the opportunity to hunt for wild turkeys across different lands in the state. The season is divided according to the hunting zones and land types with specific start and end dates.

Season Dates by Location and Zone

  • Private Land (Zones 11 and 12):
    • January 1 - January 31 (Access zone maps for precise boundaries)
  • Private Land (All Zones):
    • September 15 - December 31 (Zone maps available for reference)
  • State Land:
    • September 15 - November 15 and December 21 - December 31
  • State Land Bowhunting Only Areas:
    • September 15 - December 31

Archery Bag Limits

  • Hunters are allotted a bag limit of 2 turkeys of either sex.
  • This limit applies whether the turkeys are taken on private land, state land, or a combination of both.

Archery Hunting Hours

  • The permitted hunting timeframe spans from half an hour before sunrise until sunset every day during the respective open season dates.
Adhering to these specific timeframes and zones ensures hunters can participate in the fall turkey archery seasons responsibly and in accordance with state regulations.

Licensing Requirements for Fall Archery Turkey Season

Individuals participating in the fall archery turkey season must meet the state's licensing mandates. Here's a breakdown of the requirements based on residency and land ownership.

Resident Licensing

  • CT Residents must secure:
    • A Small Game and Deer Archery Permit, and
    • A Resident Game Bird Conservation Stamp.

Non-Resident Licensing

  • Non-residents are required to obtain:
    • A Non-resident Small Game and Deer Archery Permit, and
    • A Resident Game Bird Conservation Stamp.

Landowner Licensing

  • Landowners with 10+ contiguous acres are eligible for:
    • A Free Landowner Resident Game Bird Conservation Stamp to hunt on their property.
  • Landowners hunting on other private or state land must purchase:
    • A Resident Game Bird Conservation Stamp at a cost of $28.
  • Bag Limit Note: The Free Landowner Stamp does not grant extra bag limits for turkey.
Prior to embarking on a turkey hunting endeavor during the fall archery season, it's crucial for all hunters to possess the appropriate permits and conservation stamps as stipulated by state regulations.

Approved Archery Equipment for Fall Turkey Hunting

Individuals engaging in deer and turkey hunting via archery are required to use equipment that meets specific legal standards to ensure ethical hunting practices and safety.

Legal Bows for the Fall Season

  • Types of Bows: Longbows, recurve bows, or compound bows are permissible.
  • Minimum Draw Weight: Each bow must have a draw weight of at least 40 pounds.
  • Mechanical Devices: The use of mechanical string release devices is allowed.
  • Prohibited Projectiles: It's illegal to use projectiles coated with drugs, poisons, or tranquilizing substances.

Crossbow Specifications for Fall Season

  • Usage: Crossbows are legal for hunting deer, turkey, and other species.
  • Minimum Draw Weight: Crossbows should have a draw weight of no less than 125 pounds.
  • Stock Requirements: A permanent fixed rifle-type stock with a functional mechanical safety device is required.
  • Stock Adjustability: Adjustable stocks on crossbows are permitted, whereas folding stocks are not.
  • Bolt Length: The length of the bolt (arrow) must be 18 inches at minimum, not including the broadhead.
  • Loaded Definition: A crossbow is considered loaded when it is in a fully drawn position with a bolt secured in place.
  • Sights: Hunters may equip their crossbows with telescopic sights.

Arrowhead Regulations for the Fall Season

  • Blade Requirement: Legal arrowheads must have a minimum of two blades.
  • Size Mandate: Arrowheads should be at least 7/8 inch wide at their widest point.
  • Expandable Arrowheads: Arrowheads designed to open upon impact are permissible, provided they fulfill the size and blade criteria.
Hunters must adhere to these regulations regarding their archery equipment to legally hunt turkeys during the designated seasons. Compliance with equipment standards is essential for the legal and sustainable management of the turkey population.

Fall Harvest Tagging and Reporting Obligations

Critical steps must be followed by hunters immediately after the successful harvest of a turkey to comply with state wildlife conservation laws.
Immediate Action Post-Harvest
  • Harvest Tag: Hunters must promptly fill out and sign a Harvest Tag once a turkey is harvested.
  • Carcass Accompaniment: This tag must stay with the turkey carcass at all times without exception.
  • Final Destination: The Harvest Tag is required to remain with the bird until processing for consumption is complete.

Compliance with Regulations

For further details and to ensure full compliance:
  • Refer: Hunters should refer to the specified "Tagging and Reporting Requirements" for comprehensive guidelines.
  • Keep Informed: 2022 Harvest Tags and associated instructions must be reviewed and followed by all hunters.
Proper tagging and timely reporting are not only legal requirements but also play a crucial role in the management and study of turkey populations, enabling responsible hunting and conservation practices.

Fall Firearms Turkey Seasons, Licensing, and Regulations

Season Dates for Fall Firearms Hunting

  • Timeframe: October 1 - October 31
  • Locations: Hunting is allowed on State Land, Private Land, and Land owned by Landowners.

Bag Limit for Firearms Season

  • Quantity: Hunters can harvest up to 3 turkeys of either sex.
  • Applicability: This limit is valid on private land, state land, or a combination of both.

Firearm Hunting Hours

  • Permitted Times: Legal hunting hours are from half an hour before sunrise until sunset each day during the season.

Licensing Requirements for Firearms Season

CT Residents

  • License Needed: A Firearms Hunting License and a Resident Game Bird Conservation Stamp are required.


  • License Options: A 3-day Out-of-State Bird Hunting License or a Non-resident Firearms Hunting License is necessary.
  • Conservation Stamp: In addition, non-residents need a Resident Game Bird Conservation Stamp.


  • Qualification: Landowners with 10 or more contiguous acres are entitled to a Free Landowner Resident Game Bird Conservation Stamp.
  • Additional Hunting: To hunt on other private or state land, landowners must buy a Resident Game Bird Conservation Stamp for $28.
  • Bag Limit Note: The Free Landowner Stamp does not confer an additional bag limit beyond the standard 3 either-sex turkeys.

Approved Firearms

  • Shotgun Specifications: Legal firearms include shotguns of 20 gauge or larger, with ammunition limited to #4, 5, 6, 7, or 7 1/2 shot, or any combination thereof.
  • Capacity Restriction: Shotguns must not have the capability of holding more than 3 shells at one time.

Tagging and Reporting After Harvest

  • Immediate Tagging: Once a turkey is harvested, hunters must immediately fill out and sign a Harvest Tag.
  • Tag Retention: The Harvest Tag must stay with the turkey carcass consistently until it's processed for consumption.
  • Further Guidelines: Hunters should consult the Tagging and Reporting Requirements for detailed procedures.

Special Conditions for Fall Firearms Hunting

State Land Hunting

  • Area Access: Hunters can check the CT Interactive Hunting Area Map for areas open to fall firearms turkey hunting.

Private Land Permission

  • Written Consent: Hunters need signed written consent from the landowner on official forms, which must be kept on person while hunting.

Decoy Use

  • Decoy Legality: Hunters are allowed to use decoys, with the strict prohibition of live decoys.

Free Landowner Stamp Details

  • Availability: Only available to qualifying landowners and their immediate family members.
  • Stamp Limitations: Does not allow for an increased bag limit—2 either-sex turkeys on private land remains the standard.
Adhering to these comprehensive fall firearms turkey season regulations is necessary for all hunters to ensure a legal and ethical hunting experience.

Participation in Turkey Hunter Survey

Purpose of the Survey

  • Data Collection: Turkey hunters might be approached via mail, email, or telephone to partake in a survey that gathers information about their hunting activities.
  • Importance: The data collected plays a critical role in the management and conservation of Connecticut's wild turkey population.

Survey Participation Expectations

  • Inclusivity: All hunters who receive the survey are encouraged to complete it, regardless of whether or not they actively hunted.
  • Contribution: Each response contributes valuable insights into hunting patterns, success rates, and hunter preferences, which assist in making informed management decisions.
The active engagement of hunters in these surveys ensures that the state can effectively monitor and manage its wildlife resources, leading to a sustainable and healthy turkey population for future hunting seasons.

Prohibited Practices in Turkey Hunting

Restrictions on Hunting Methods

  • Baiting: Using bait to attract turkeys is illegal.
  • Electronic Calls: Employing electronic calling devices to lure turkeys is forbidden.
  • Live Decoys/Animals: The use of live decoys or animals, including dogs, is generally prohibited, except under specific conditions as follows:
    • Dogs may be used for hunting turkeys during the fall firearms season on private lands only.

Calling Restrictions

  • Calling for Others: Turkey hunters are not allowed to perform calling for another hunter with the following exceptions:
    • State Land Exception: Hunters with a current Resident Game Bird Conservation Stamp may call for another hunter on state land.
    • Private Land Exception: Hunters with a valid stamp and signed consent form for a private land parcel may call for another hunter on that parcel.

Hunting Behavior Limitations

  • Cooperative Drives: It is illegal to participate in cooperative drives to take turkeys.
  • Shooting from Structures: Hunters cannot shoot turkeys from inside buildings or other permanent structures.
  • Roosting Turkeys: It is prohibited to shoot turkeys while they are roosting in trees.
Compliance with these regulations is imperative to maintain fair chase principles and to support ethical hunting practices within Connecticut's turkey hunting community.

Turkey Hunting Seminars and Safety Guidelines

Spring Turkey Hunting Seminars

  • Beneficiaries: Both novice and experienced turkey hunters can gain valuable insights.
  • Content: Comprehensive hunting information including safety, equipment, calls, decoys, setups, and strategies.
  • Practical Application: Opportunities to pattern shotguns post-lecture are provided.
  • Advanced Education: Additional details available through Advanced Hunter Education seminars.

Safety Measures for Turkey Hunters

  • Preparation: Pattern shotguns before the hunt to know the most effective shot size and load.
  • Identification: Always be certain of your target and what lies beyond before shooting.
  • Stationary Hunting: Call turkeys to a fixed position rather than stalking, ensuring no mistaken movement or sound is interpreted as a game.
  • Awareness: Operate under the assumption that you are not alone and that any sounds could signal the presence of other people.
  • Positioning: Situate yourself against a large tree trunk for protection from other hunters.
  • Visibility: An orange fluorescent band around the tree can signal your presence to others.
  • Non-verbal Communication: Avoid using turkey calls or movements to signal other hunters; vocalize your presence if needed.
  • Attire: Steer clear of colors like red, white, blue, or black due to their association with turkeys. Use a fluorescent orange vest for visibility while moving.
  • Transport: Carry your harvest in a fluorescent orange carrier.

Prohibited Actions in Turkey Hunting

  • Bait and Electronic Devices: The use of bait and electronic calls is illegal.
  • Live Decoys: Do not use live decoys while hunting.
  • Calling for Others: You may only call for another hunter if you have the necessary stamp and landowner's permission on private land.
  • Limitation: Hunters may assist others even after reaching their bag limit but cannot participate in cooperative drives.
  • Roosting and Structures: Do not shoot turkeys from any permanent structures or when turkeys are roosting in trees.
By adhering to these seminars and safety recommendations, turkey hunters can ensure a safe, ethical, and successful hunting experience, promoting sustainable game management and respectful sharing of outdoor spaces.

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The legal advice provided on Wild Advisor Pro is intended as a summary of the hunting, camping, hiking, and fishing laws and regulations and does not constitute legal language or professional advice. We make every effort to ensure the information is accurate and up to date, but it should not be relied upon as legal authority. For the most current and comprehensive explanation of the laws and regulations, please consult the official government websites or a qualified legal professional. Wild Advisor Pro is not responsible for any misunderstandings or misinterpretations of the information presented and shall not be held liable for any losses, damages, or legal disputes arising from the use of this summary information. Always check with the appropriate governmental authorities for the latest information regarding outdoor regulations and compliance.