Definitions

  1. Angling: The art of enticing aquatic creatures using a combination of a rod, fishing pole, hook, and line, whether or not a reel is involved.

  2. Bag Limit/Creel Limit: The legal cap on the number of a particular species that a single person can catch within a single day.

  3. Bait or Fish Seine: A hand-operated net, not exceeding 30 feet in length, with a mesh size no larger than 1/4-inch bar, 1/2-inch stretched, used for catching fish and operated solely by foot and hand, without mechanical assistance.

  4. Bait Species: All aquatic life forms used as enticements for fishing.

  5. Bandit Gear: Vertical fishing gear attached to a vessel, utilizing rods and manual, electric, or hydraulic reels for line retrieval, prohibited in state waters.

  6. Bona Fide Resident: A person who has lived continuously in the state for the six months prior to applying for a license, showing intent to make Louisiana their legal domicile by complying with specific criteria.

  7. Bream Trap: A trap, not exceeding 24 inches in length with a throat no larger than 1 by 3 inches, used to capture bream for recreational bait.

  8. Can: A metal container with a maximum capacity of 55 gallons, set for the purpose of catching fish.

  9. Cast Net: A lightweight circular net made of natural or synthetic materials, weighted around its edge, and manually thrown over water to catch fish.

  10. Crab Dropnet: A hand-operated device, constructed with various materials, used to capture crabs in a stationary, passive manner.

  11. Crab Trap: A cube-shaped wire device, no larger than 30 inches on each side, used to catch peeler crabs, with specific entrance funnel dimensions.

  12. Crawfish Net: A net made of vegetable or synthetic material without flues or throats, used to capture crawfish.

  13. Crawfish Trap: A device made of coated wire, designed to catch crawfish, with specific throat or flue dimensions.

  14. Dip Net: A net, usually a deep mesh bag made of natural or synthetic materials, on a fixed frame not exceeding 3 feet in diameter, hand-operated by one individual.

  15. Finfish: Cold-blooded aquatic vertebrates with fins, gills for breathing, and covered in skin or scales.

  16. Fish: Encompassing all finfish, shellfish, crustaceans, and other aquatic life forms.

  17. Fork Length: The measurement from the tip of the snout to the midpoint of the caudal fin, used for certain fish species with forked tails like amberjack.

  18. Freshwater Game Fish: See "Game Fish" definition.

  19. Freshwater Recreational Fish: Freshwater fish species caught for recreational purposes.

  20. Fyke Net: A cone-shaped net with stretched throats or flues supported by rings or hoops, used for trapping fish, often with oblique net wings.

  21. Game Fish: A group of freshwater and saltwater fish species with specific regulations for recreational fishing.

  22. Gill Net/Trammel Net/Flag Webbing: Passive netting hung vertically in flat panels designed to capture fish.

  23. Hand Grabbing/Noodling: The daring act of catching catfish using only one's hands.

  24. Hook: A curved device attached to a fishing line for capturing fish or alligators, with restrictions on eye, shank, and barb count.

  25. Hoop Net: A conical net with throats or flues stretched over rings or hoops, supporting the webbing.

  26. Jugs/Floats/Noodles: Passive fishing method using hooks and lines attached to floating objects.

  27. Landing Net: A mesh bag on a frame with a handle, manually operated to assist in landing legally caught fish.

  28. Lead or Wing Net: A panel of netting with or without weights and floats, used to guide fish towards a cone-shaped net's mouth.

  29. Licensee: A lawful holder of a valid license issued by the Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries (LDWF), whether a resident or nonresident.

  30. Limb Line: A passive fishing method involving a hook and line attached to a stationary object.

  31. Lower Jaw Fork Length (LJFL): The longest measurement from the tip of the lower jaw to the midpoint of the caudal fin, commonly used for measuring billfish like marlin, swordfish, and paddlefish.

  32. Mesh Size: The full measure of the mesh when measured in two ways: bar measure, which is the length of the full bar stretched from one knot's near side to the other's far side after processing, and stretched measure, which is the full stretched distance diagonally across the mesh from one knot's near side to the opposite knot's far side. This does not apply to woven nets used for menhaden fishing.

  33. Maximum Length Limit: Indicates that fish exceeding specific measurements must be immediately released back into the water.

  34. Minimum Length Limit (MLL): Indicates that fish below particular measurements must also be immediately returned to the water.

  35. Monofilament: A single untwisted synthetic filament, commonly used for fishing lines.

  36. Nonresident: Someone who does not meet the criteria of a bona fide resident, as defined by R.S. 56:8(69).

  37. Oyster Tongs: A grasping device consisting of two pieces joined by a pivot, similar to scissors, used for picking up objects, particularly for collecting oysters.

  38. Passive Gear or Device: Fishing gear like lines, nets, or traps set and left unattended for a period to capture fish.

  39. Possess: The act of having control, custody, or ownership over something, such as fish or wildlife, either within or coming from outside the state.

  40. Recreational Purposes: Engaging in activities like fishing for enjoyment rather than for generating income, excluding prizes or awards from fishing tournaments from the definition of income.

  41. Reptiles and Amphibians: Native creatures including frogs, toads, turtles, snakes, lizards, and salamanders.

  42. Saltwater Fish: All finfish species that primarily inhabit saline marine and estuarine waters for most of their life cycles.

  43. Saltwater Game Fish: A subset of saltwater fish species, including sailfish, marlins, and red drum, with specific regulations for recreational fishing.

  44. Saltwater Recreational Fish: Any saltwater fish species caught for recreational purposes.

  45. Shellfish: Aquatic invertebrate species with shells, encompassing oysters, clams, crawfish, shrimp, crabs, and various mollusks and crustaceans.

  46. Slat Trap: A device exclusively designed for capturing catfish, cylindrical, rectangular, or square in cross-section, constructed with slats and specific throats or entrances.

  47. Slot Limit (SL): Protective size limits that mandate the release of fish within a certain size range.

  48. Snagging: A method of hooking fish by jerking the fishing line as soon as any movement is felt, without the fish taking the bait in their mouths.

  49. Stupefying Substances or Devices: Explosives, chemicals, or comparable destructive methods prohibited for capturing fish.

  50. Take: The various actions involved in capturing or harming aquatic creatures, such as hooking, pursuing, netting, snaring, trapping, shooting, hunting, wounding, or killing, utilizing different means or devices.

  51. Test Trawl: A trawl not exceeding specific dimensions along the corkline or headline, with specific characteristics.

  52. Total Length: The longest measurable distance from the outermost point of the snout lengthwise to the outermost point of the caudal fin.

  53. Transport: The act of shipping, attempting to ship, receiving, or delivering fish or other wildlife by various means, such as air, land, water, or any method.

  54. Trawl: A type of net, funnel-shaped, pulled through water or along the bottom with otter boards to spread the mouth open while fishing, with specific regulations during the shrimp season.

  55. Trigger: A tension-loaded device equipped with a hook or hooks, baited, set, and left in place to automatically hook and play fish.

  56. Turtle Trap: A device designed to attract and capture turtles in aquatic habitats, designed to allow air-breathing animals to respire and clearly marked as a "turtle trap."

  57. Venting Tool: A device intended to deflate the abdominal cavity of a fish to release gases, minimizing damage when releasing the fish.

  58. Wing Net: A type of net, similar to a lead net, used to guide fish towards the mouth of a cone-shaped net, with or without weights and floats.

  59. Wire Net: A cone-shaped net made of various materials, stretched over wire with specific mesh sizes, used for capturing aquatic creatures.

  60. Yo-Yo: A spring-loaded reel equipped with a line and hook, baited, set, and left in place as a passive gear for fishing.

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The legal advice provided on Wild Advisor Pro is intended as a summary of the hunting, camping, hiking, and fishing laws and regulations and does not constitute legal language or professional advice. We make every effort to ensure the information is accurate and up to date, but it should not be relied upon as legal authority. For the most current and comprehensive explanation of the laws and regulations, please consult the official government websites or a qualified legal professional. Wild Advisor Pro is not responsible for any misunderstandings or misinterpretations of the information presented and shall not be held liable for any losses, damages, or legal disputes arising from the use of this summary information. Always check with the appropriate governmental authorities for the latest information regarding outdoor regulations and compliance.