Residency Definitions for License Eligibility

Residency definitions are crucial when determining eligibility for various licenses, including hunting and fishing licenses. In Oklahoma, the following residency definitions apply:

Driver License as Proof of Residency

  • Any person holding a valid driver license is considered a resident of the state that issued the license.
  • To use a valid Oklahoma driver license as the sole source of proof of residency, it must be at least 60 days from the date it was issued. Lifetime license applicants must have held their license for six months or longer.
  • If a person does not have a valid driver license, the Oklahoma Department may consider other reliable documentation, such as resident income tax returns, voter registration, motor vehicle or vessel registrations, and other public records that document residence.

Residency for Children Under 18

  • For children under 18 years of age, residency is presumed to be that of the custodial parent or legal guardian unless otherwise documented. This includes cases where there is a joint custody order, and physical custody is shared by both parents.

Nonresidents

  • Persons who own land in Oklahoma but do not live in the state are considered nonresidents.
  • Generally, an individual cannot claim multiple states of residence. However, there is an exception for military personnel.

Military Personnel

  • Members of the Armed Forces of the United States who are on active duty and permanently assigned to a military installation in Oklahoma can qualify as residents for annual license purchases. They must present a certificate of assignment in the state from a commanding officer or designated representative.
  • Spouses or dependents of military personnel living within the same household and similarly certified by a commanding officer can also qualify as residents.

Termination of Residency

  • The residency status of any person, except active duty members of the U.S. Armed Forces and their dependents, will terminate if the person obtains any resident hunting, fishing, trapping license or permit or a valid driver license issued by another state.
  • A nonresident is defined as any individual who is a resident of another state or who has resided in Oklahoma for less than 60 days, regardless of their intent to make Oklahoma their home.

License Requirements for Fishing and Hunting in Oklahoma

Fishing License Requirements:

  • An Oklahoma resident or nonresident fishing license is required for anyone who takes, attempts to take, or possesses fish or other aquatic dwelling organisms in Oklahoma, regardless of the method used.
  • All individuals fishing must carry all required licenses or written evidence of exemption and identification on their person while fishing.
  • Electronic licenses on your phone are allowed as proof of license.
  • Persons fishing the Red River must have a valid Oklahoma fishing license unless exempted.
  • Persons fishing on waters located within the Honobia Creek or Three Rivers Wildlife Management Areas must have a valid Land Access Permit, unless exempted.
  • Individuals residing in another state who own land in Oklahoma but do not live on that land and are fishing on that land must purchase a nonresident fishing license.

Hunting License Requirements:

  • License requirements vary by game animal, and a "hunting license" is one of the common requirements for hunting different species.
  • Various types of "hunting licenses" are available to meet the hunting license requirement.

For Residents:

  • Acceptable "hunting licenses" for residents include:
    • Annual Hunting License
    • Annual Combination Hunting/Fishing License
    • Annual Youth Hunting License
    • Annual Youth Combination Hunting/Fishing License
    • 5-Year Hunting License
    • 5-Year Combination Hunting/Fishing License
    • Disability Hunting License
    • Lifetime Hunting License
    • Lifetime Combination Hunting/Fishing License
    • Lifetime Disabled Veteran Combination Hunting/Fishing License (under 60 percent disability)
    • Lifetime Disabled Veteran Combination Hunting/Fishing License (60 percent or more disability)
    • Lifetime Senior Citizen Hunting License
    • Lifetime Senior Citizen Combination Hunting/Fishing License

For Nonresidents:

  • Acceptable "hunting licenses" for nonresidents include:
    • Nonresident Annual Hunting License
    • Nonresident 5-Day Hunting License (Note: Not valid for big game)

Please refer to specific sections in the hunting regulations for details on license requirements for particular wildlife species. Nonresidents who hold a resident lifetime license (hunting or combination) have the same exemptions as resident lifetime license holders. Additionally, the Nonresident Lifetime Hunting, Nonresident Lifetime Combination Hunting/Fishing, Lifetime Nonresident Small Game Hunting, and Lifetime Nonresident Combination Small Game Hunting/Fishing licenses are no longer available for purchase but are honored for individuals who already possess them.

Special Licenses & Permits in Oklahoma

Fishing Guide License

  • Fishing guides in Oklahoma must possess an Oklahoma fishing guide license.
  • The cost of this license is $90, but if the guide provides Coast Guard Mariner credentials, it costs $20.
  • A list of licensed fishing guides can be found on wildlifedepartment.com.

Resident 5-Year Combination Hunting/Fishing License

  • Oklahoma residents who have been residents for at least six months can purchase a 5-year combination hunting/fishing license.
  • Holders of this license are exempt from the annual fishing and hunting license requirements.
  • If residents with 5-year licenses become residents of another state during the license period, they can still use their license as a nonresident annual fishing or hunting license. However, they must purchase additional season-specific licenses if needed.

Lake Texoma License

  • This license allows anglers to fish the entire Lake Texoma without purchasing a separate resident or nonresident license.
  • Oklahoma residents with a valid fishing license are not required to purchase this license if only fishing the Oklahoma portion of the lake.

Paddlefish Permit

  • Both residents and nonresidents, regardless of age or exemption status, must obtain a free paddlefish permit annually (permits expire on Dec. 31).
  • The permit must be carried on the person (electronic or hardcopy).
  • No valid exemptions are available for the paddlefish permit.

Lifetime Senior Citizen Combination Hunting/Fishing License

  • Available to residents aged 65 or older (or those who turn 65 during the calendar year).
  • This lifetime license is valid for life and provides the same exemptions as a resident lifetime combination hunting/fishing license.
  • Application is available at wildlifedepartment.com, and if using a paper form, it must be signed by a Wildlife Department employee or include a copy of the applicant's Oklahoma driver's license.

Disability Fishing License or Hunting License

  • Residents who have resided in Oklahoma for at least six months and receive specific disability benefits may purchase a 5-year disability fishing license or hunting license for $10 each.
  • Applicants are encouraged to request a Benefit Verification Letter from Social Security at (800) 772-1213.

Lifetime Disabled Veteran Combination Hunting/Fishing License

  • Available to resident disabled veterans certified by the Veterans Affairs Department.
  • Costs $200 for veterans with a disability of less than 60 percent and $25 for veterans with a disability of 60 percent or more.
  • Provides the same benefits as a resident lifetime combination hunting/fishing license.

Land Access Permit

  • Required for residents who hunt or fish on Honobia Creek and Three Rivers WMAs unless exempt.
  • Nonresidents must purchase an $85 annual permit with no exemptions.
  • A $10, 3-day special use land access permit is available to residents for non-hunting and non-fishing activities.
  • Oklahoma residents under 18 years old or aged 64 or older are exempt from land access permit requirements.
  • Lifetime license holders are not exempt from land access permits.

3-Day/Annual Wildlife Conservation Passport

  • Required for non-hunting or non-fishing activities on Department-owned areas, such as birdwatching or photography.
  • Costs may be lower than purchasing a hunting or fishing license, and license holders enjoy the privileges of that license.
  • Exemptions apply to individuals under 16 years old, students and instructors on educational tours, or events approved by the Wildlife Department.

Harvest Information Program (HIP) Permit

  • Required for all migratory bird hunters unless exempt.
  • Valid from July 1 through the following June 30.
  • Available online at wildlifedepartment.com or for $3 at state hunting license dealer locations.

Motor Vehicle Permit and Non-Ambulatory Permit to Hunt from a Motorized Vehicle

  • Motor vehicles can be used to facilitate access for hunting but must be stopped with the engine off during wildlife taking.
  • Residents with disabilities may qualify for a Motor Vehicle Permit or Non-Ambulatory Permit to hunt from a motorized vehicle.
  • Specific qualifications and restrictions apply.

5-Day Rattlesnake Permit

  • Required for hunting rattlesnakes during organized rattlesnake hunting events or festivals.
  • Exemptions apply to individuals with valid hunting or combination hunting/fishing licenses.
  • Permits available online at wildlifedepartment.com or at hunting or fishing license dealers.

Sandhill Crane Permit

  • All crane hunters must possess a $3 sandhill crane permit, valid from July 1 to the following June 30.
  • Permits can be obtained from any Oklahoma hunting license dealer and are also available for free at wildlifedepartment.com.

Nonresident Lifetime Licenses

  • Nonresidents with nonresident lifetime hunting or combination licenses are exempt from purchasing a hunting license for small game (except turkey).
  • To hunt turkey, antelope, bear, deer, or elk, additional licenses are required.
  • Exemptions apply to certain types of migratory bird hunting, sandhill crane hunting, waterfowl hunting, and more.

Commercial Hunt Areas

  • Operator license requirements, permits, eligibility, and live transport of cervidae information can be obtained by calling (405) 521-3719.
  • Commercial hunt area hunters must possess a valid resident or nonresident hunting license.
  • A $5 10-day small game commercial hunt area license is available for hunters not pursuing big game or exotics.
  • A $15 5-day hunting license for nonresidents hunting winged upland game (excluding turkey) will be available starting November 1, 2023.
  • Any animal leaving a commercial hunt area must be tagged and listed on a receipt provided by the commercial hunt area operator.

Resident Hunter License Requirements in Oklahoma

If you are a resident hunter in Oklahoma, the licenses you need depend on the species you are hunting. Here is a reference chart outlining the licenses residents need for various species:

Deer: Archery

  • Hunting license
  • Deer archery license for each deer hunted (must be valid for the current calendar year)

Deer: Youth Gun

  • All: Youth deer gun license (antlered or antlerless) for each deer hunted
  • In addition:
    • 16-17 years old: hunting license
    • Younger than 16: exempt from hunting license
    • Youths may also harvest a turkey in counties having a fall turkey season, provided the hunter has a Fall turkey license.

Deer: Muzzleloader

  • Hunting license
  • Deer muzzleloader license (antlered or antlerless) for each deer hunted

Deer: Gun

  • Hunting license
  • Deer gun license (antlered or antlerless) for each deer hunted

Deer: Holiday Antlerless

  • Hunting license
  • Holiday antlerless deer gun license

Elk

  • Hunting license
  • Elk license for each elk hunted and written landowner permission

Antelope

  • Hunting license
  • Antelope license for each antelope hunted and written landowner permission

Bear: Archery

  • Hunting license
  • Bear license (Must be purchased prior to the start of archery season.)

Bear: Muzzleloader

  • Hunting license
  • Bear license (must be purchased prior to the start of muzzleloader season).
  • An unfilled bear archery license is also valid

Squirrel, Rabbit, or Prairie Dog

  • Hunting license

Hog (feral swine)

  • No hunting license is required to pursue hog, except on public lands (see public land information.)
  • However, individuals pursuing hog on private land during any open big game gun or muzzleloader seasons must have the appropriate license for that season.

Quail & Pheasant

  • Hunting license

Turkey: Fall Archery

  • Hunting license
  • Fall turkey license

Turkey: Fall Gun

  • Hunting license
  • Fall turkey license

Turkey: Youth Spring

  • Hunting license
  • Spring turkey license

Turkey: Spring

  • Hunting license
  • Spring turkey license

Dove, Rail (sora & Virginia), Gallinule (purple gallinule & common moorhen), Woodcock, Common Snipe

  • Hunting license
  • HIP (Harvest Information Program) permit

Teal, Resident Canada Goose, Waterfowl (Ducks, Geese)

  • Hunting license
  • HIP (Harvest Information Program) permit
  • State Waterfowl Stamp
  • Federal Migratory Bird Stamp

License Exemptions in Oklahoma

In Oklahoma, there are various exemptions from hunting and fishing licenses and permits based on age, disability, landownership, and other factors. Here are the license exemptions for residents and nonresidents:

Oklahoma Residents Exemptions

Under 16 years of age

  • Exempt from the purchase of:
    • Fishing license
    • Hunting license
    • Federal duck stamp
    • Oklahoma waterfowl license
    • Wildlife Conservation Passport
    • Land access permit
    • HIP

Under 18 years of age

  • Exempt from the purchase of:
    • Wildlife Conservation Passport
    • Land access permit
  • Persons under 18 in legal and physical custody of the State of Oklahoma or its agencies or in the custody of a child care facility are exempt from fishing and hunting licenses.

64 years or older

  • Exempt from the purchase of:
    • Land access permit
    • HIP requirements (including those turning 64 during the hunting year)
  • Residents 65 years or older are exempt from the purchase of the Oklahoma waterfowl license.

Landowners or Tenants

  • Resident owners or tenants, their family members, and grandchildren fishing in private ponds on their land are exempt from a fishing license.
  • Resident landowners or tenants hunting only on their owned or agriculturally leased land (excluding hunting leases) are exempt from the hunting license.
  • Resident landowners hunting waterfowl and migratory game birds on their own property are exempt from the Oklahoma waterfowl license and HIP requirements.
  • Resident landowners or tenants or their children who trap on their land are exempt from purchasing a trapping license.

Lifetime License Holders (Hunting, Combination, Senior Citizen & Disabled Veteran)

  • Exempt from various licenses, including annual hunting and fishing licenses, deer, elk, antelope, and turkey licenses, Oklahoma waterfowl license, trapping license, fur license. Not exempt from federal duck stamp, bear licenses, land access permit, HIP requirements, or sandhill crane permit unless exempt by age.

Disability

  • Residents with a proven permanent disability that confines them to a wheelchair, as certified by a medical doctor, are exempt from hunting and fishing licenses.
  • Resident disabled veterans with a disability rating of 60 percent or more are exempt from fishing and hunting licenses.
  • Resident disabled veterans with a disability rating of 100 percent are also exempt from deer licenses.

Other Exemptions

  • Participants in Oklahoma's Free Fishing Days are exempt from a fishing license.
  • Participants in Oklahoma's Free Hunting Days are exempt from a hunting license.
  • Various exemptions for specific conditions, including:
    • Fishing in specific areas with specific bait.
    • Legally blind or physically impaired individuals fishing with companions.
    • Patients of state institutions for mental health, alcohol or drug dependency, or developmental disabilities, when accompanied by an attendant, legal guardian, or fishing on institutional property.
    • Job Corps trainees with proper identification cards.
    • Participants in aquatic education events or clinics sanctioned by the Wildlife Department.

Nonresidents Exemptions

Under 14 years of age

  • Exempt from the purchase of:
    • Fishing license
    • Hunting license
    • HIP requirements
    • Federal duck stamp

Under 16 years of age

  • Exempt from the purchase of:
    • HIP requirements
    • Federal duck stamp
  • Nonresidents under 16 from states not requiring nonresident fishing licenses for persons under 16 are exempt from fishing licenses.

Under 18 years of age

  • Exempt from the purchase of:
  • Persons under 18 in legal and physical custody of the State of Oklahoma or its agencies or in the custody of a child care facility are exempt from fishing and hunting licenses.

64 years or older

  • Exempt from the purchase of HIP requirements (including those turning 64 during the hunting year).

Lifetime Licenses held by former residents

  • Nonresidents who formerly lived in Oklahoma and purchased specific lifetime licenses may still use those licenses with all the same privileges.

Landowners

  • No license or permit exemptions for nonresident landowners.

Other Exemptions

  • Nonresidents 65 and older who are residents of Texas are exempt from a fishing license.
  • Legally blind or physically impaired individuals fishing with companions.
  • Patients of state institutions for mental health, alcohol or drug dependency, or developmental disabilities, when accompanied by an attendant, legal guardian, or fishing on institutional property.
  • Job Corps trainees with proper identification cards.
  • Participants in aquatic education events or clinics sanctioned by the Wildlife Department.

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Disclaimer:

The legal advice provided on Wild Advisor Pro is intended as a summary of the hunting, camping, hiking, and fishing laws and regulations and does not constitute legal language or professional advice. We make every effort to ensure the information is accurate and up to date, but it should not be relied upon as legal authority. For the most current and comprehensive explanation of the laws and regulations, please consult the official government websites or a qualified legal professional. Wild Advisor Pro is not responsible for any misunderstandings or misinterpretations of the information presented and shall not be held liable for any losses, damages, or legal disputes arising from the use of this summary information. Always check with the appropriate governmental authorities for the latest information regarding outdoor regulations and compliance.